Types of Solvents Used in Industries and their Differences
The reason why there are so many different industrial cleaning products out there is because each one of them is manufactured for a certain purpose or use. One of the most commonly used is solvents. The fact is even cleaning solvents can be different from one another and by far, there are more than a couple of different types. The three kinds of industrial cleaning solvents, at least the most commonly known varieties, are oxygenated, hydrocarbon, and halogenated. Now if you’re responsible for purchasing the right industrial cleaning solvent, it is important that you first learn what the attributes and features of each solvent are.
1 – Oxygenated Type of Solvents
This particular solvent is exclusively produced by distilling components from chemicals. The key to a successful production of this solvent is figuring out the right balance and consistency of the ingredients. The best attribute of oxygenated solvents are its high rate of purity, brought about by the advanced and detailed solvent refinement process. In most instances, the smallest signs of excess water as well as particulate matter are effectively removed once the last stage of production is performed. There are numerous industrial cleaning supplies such as ketones, glycol ethers, and alcohol that belong to this category.
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2 – Hydrocarbon Type of Solvents
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The second type of industrial cleaning solvent meanwhile is called hydrocarbon solvent, which based on the name, is obviously made up of special hydrocarbons. Due to the natural composition of this solvent, it has become the ideal choice for a wide range of cleaning needs. This solvent is likewise more complex to produce compared to the first type of solvent we discussed. The complexity of this solvent is relatively obvious in certain characteristics, including flashpoint, color, aromatic quality, and solute composition. So far, the most renowned examples of hydrocarbon solvents are petroleum ether, benzene, and turpentine. However, if you plan on using hydrocarbon solvents one day, you have to dig in a little deeper on the possible harmful effects and danger because some of them are infamously hazardous like benzene, which actually emits hazardous air pollutants.
3 – Halogenated
While halogenated solvents are still classified as hydrocarbon, they’re difference in a way that they have been subjected to chlorinating process. In terms of quality, solvents that underwent halogenation formulations are more pungent. This type of solvent is likewise as effective as the other two solvents we talked about earlier. The most common examples are chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, and trichloroethylene. But because this solvent is still technically considered as hydrocarbon, it means that it also could potentially emit HAPs.
At the day’s end, the type of industrial solvent you decide to use basically depends on the kind of industry you belong. Obviously, you also will have to factor in the specific use of the industrial solvent. It’s also important to choose solvents for cleaning that don’t emit anything harmful to the environment.